Typical traits of Piedmontese Cattle
Tests prove: Piedmontese cattle of today provide the leanest, most tender beef, with:

  • Calving ease: long, slim calves
  • Ample milk yield (2,500 kg/year, Italy)
  • High fertility levels
  • Docility, good mothering instinct, longevity
  • Calves fawn at birth changing to grey-white in color
  • Black skin pigmentation
  • Strong, fine bone
  • Climate and forage adaptability
  • Feed efficiency
  • Quick growth to moderate mature size
  • High dressing percentage
  • High cutability
  • High meat to bone ratio
  • Increased size of ribeye
  • Decreased trim and waste
  • Increased amount of choice cuts
  • Beef higher in flavor intensity
  • Lower in shear-force
  • Lower in fat
  • Lower in cholesterol


The unique genetic traits and the climate adaptability of the breed have created opportunities for volume export of North American Piedmontese worldwide.
From "Focus On Piedmontese Cattle" - The Record Stockman

The Piedmont region of northwest Italy is a secluded pocket, naturally protected by the Alps Mountains. Aurochs (bos Taurus), ancient European cattle, populated this region. Some 25,000 years ago, a type of cattle known as Zebu (bos Indicus) began a massive migration from Pakistan. The vanguard of this migration entered the Piedmont valleys and it was here they were compelled to stop. These two distinct breeds - the Auroch and the Zebu - fused and evolved over 25,000 years of natural selection to become the Piedmontese breed.

In 1886, the appearance of double-muscling in Piedmontese cattle attracted the attention of breeders, who had the foresight to recognize the enormous potential of this development. The first Italian Herdbook was opened in 1887, and an improvement campaign and the standard of merit have led to many years of genetic selection to eliminate detrimental aspects generally associated with double-muscling.

"Why are more double-muscled cattle cropping up in recent years - in all breeds? The answer: In selecting breeding animals with more bred-in meat type, producers are, unconsciously, selecting more carrier animals, simply because the carriers... are the heavier muscled ones. They're the ones with the big ribeyes."

North American Piedmontese: A success worldwide

The most popular breed in Italy is now successfully established in North America. In 1980, the first Piedmontese in North America arrived in Saskatchewan, Canada. In 1983, the Canadian Piedmontese Association (CPA) was formed, followed in 1984 with the Piedmontese Association of the United States (PAUS), and in 2000, the North American Piedmontese Association (NAPA) was incorporated. Membership has grown to include breeders across Canada and the U.S., as well as Brazil, England, Australia and New Zealand.

Great interest has been shown in the breed since its introduction. Beef producers are attracted to Piedmontese because of their ability to efficiently produce an extra tender, lean carcass with more high quality cuts than other breeds. The dedication to continued breed improvement by North American breeders gives our Piedmontese product a quality level second to none. Government health standards are some of the highest in the world.

The unique genetic traits and the climate adaptability of the breed (allowing them to perform well from Canada to Brazil) have created opportunities for volume export of North American Piedmontese worldwide.

Piedmontese crossbreeding sets the trend: Tests prove it

The Piedmontese breed is the best crossbreeding alternative in the world today, because of its ability to produce higher dress and cutability of lean, tender beef, while retaining ample milk production. Calving ease, black skin pigmentation, and high feed conversion are also typical traits of the Piedmontese crossbred.

This is accomplished due to the transmitting of the Piedmontese dominant characteristics passed on in the first cross, meaning that even a 50% Piedmontese will exhibit significantly more red meat with less fat and bone. Calving ease is a result of the late development of muscling, combined with the light bone structure. The docility, good mothering disposition and milkability (2,500 kg milk/year in Italy) of the breed are also obvious in the crossbred female.

The bos Indicus provides sweat glands in adequate numbers, and the black skin pigment, allowing the Piedmontese to thrive in hot climates, as well. Longevity is seen in that 42.6% of females slaughtered in Italy after a productive life are 9 years or older.

The hybrid vigor achieved by crossing with the moderate-sized Piedmontese is outstanding. Tests prove that the growth potential of F1 Piedmontese is equal to that of any first-cross "large" exotic breed, while the F1 carcass productivity of lean, tender beef is truly superior.

Piedmontese: Performance tested

Extensive testing has been completed on F1 Piedmontese sired by fullblood bulls. Studies have been conducted on a comparison basis with other breeds at Colorado State and Texas A&M Universities monitoring data from calving ease to growth rates and carcass traits. The following are excerpts from these evaluations.